BG Chap 14 - When passion and ignorance become prominent...

The manifestation of the mode of passion can be experienced when there is great attachment to possessions, efforts to increase possessions, engagement in strenuous undertakings such as building a house, inability to withdraw the senses from sense objects, and longing for objects of enjoyment.

The manifestation of the mode of darkness can be experienced when there is absence of discernment like accepting sound and other sense objects not approved by scriptures, aversion to prescribed duties, absence of all effort, getting no results from work due to inattention such as not noticing something one is holding in one’s hand, and absorption in what is false (fantasizing). When there is no illumination, knowledge is absent. One in the mode of ignorance does not work by a regulative principle; he wants to act whimsically, for no purpose. Even though he has the capacity to work, he makes no endeavor. This is called illusion. Although consciousness is going on, life is inactive.