BG Chap 16 - Chapter Overview - Daivāsura sampad Yoga
In this chapter Kṛṣṇa explains the natures of the saintly and demoniac persons, teaching that the first type is excellent and the second type is despicable. Describing how the roots of the aśvattha tree spread out, the Lord explained in the Fifteenth chapter that the pious and impious impressions caused by previous actions were the secondary roots of the tree of samsāra. In the ninth chapter (verses 12-13), the Lord narrated that the living entities had the natures of either devas, asuras or Rākṣasas (in goodness, passion and ignorance.). The daiva nature, having sāttvika attitude and pious impressions, which causes a person to perform acts according to the rules of the Vedas, is suitable for liberation. That is the daivi-sampat mentioned in this chapter, the excellent fruit of the aśvattha tree. The natures of asuras and Rākṣasas, in the modes of passion and ignorance, which are causes of all evil, following the inclination for attachment and repulsion and filled with sinful impressions, cause these people to fall to hell, This is the asura-sampat, the undesirable fruit of the tree. The purpose of the sixteenth chapter is to understand this point.