SB 1.2 - The means to realize the Absolute Truth
Having described the Absolute Truth, next the method to realize Him is described. The seriously inquisitive student, well equipped with knowledge and detachment (resulting from bhakti), realizes that Absolute Truth by rendering devotional service in terms of what he has heard from the Vedānta śruti. The Absolute Truth is realized in full as Bhagavān by the process of bhakti to Vāsudeva. Of the four different types of human beings – karmīs, jñānīs, yogīs and devotees – the karmīs are materialistic, whereas the other three are transcendental. The first class transcendentalists are the devotees who have realized the Supreme Person. The second class are those who have partially realized the plenary portion of the absolute person. And the third class transcendentalists are those who have barely realized the spiritual focus of the absolute person. As Brahman and Paramātmā realization are imperfect realizations of the Absolute Truth, so the means of realizing them – jñāna and yoga – are also imperfect means of realizing the Absolute Truth. Devotional service based on full knowledge and detachment from material association, and which is fixed by the aural reception of the Vedānta śruti, is the only perfect method by which the serious student can realize the Absolute Truth. Thus bhakti is not meant for the less intelligent class of transcendentalist as the foolish claim.