SB 1.3 - The rising sun of Bhāgavatam
After establishing Kṛṣṇa as the original form of God, the glories of Bhāgavatam were discussed and how it was received in the chain of devotees. Next the non difference of Bhāgavatam and Kṛṣṇa is established.
The Bhāgavata Purāṇa is as brilliant as the sun, and it has arisen just after the departure of Lord Kṛṣṇa to His own abode, accompanied by religion, knowledge etc. Persons who have lost their vision due to the dense darkness of Kali yuga shall get light from this Purāṇa. Though Kṛṣṇa left Dvārakā, arrived at Prabhāsa, and then disappeared along with His six great qualities, this Purāṇa arose like the sun to give knowledge. The details of Kṛṣṇa’s disappearance pastime are not clearly mentioned because it causes disturbance to the devotee.
Kṛṣṇa’s eternal abode is a manifestation of His internal energy, whereas the material world is a manifestation of His external energy. The Lord descends by His own potency (ātma-māyā). His form, name, fame, abode etc., are not creations of matter. He descends to reestablish codes of religion which are directly enacted by Him. Real religion is to know God, our relation with Him and our duties in relation with Him and to know ultimately our destination after death. Conditioned souls hardly know these principles. They are mostly engaged in sense enjoyment in the pretext of religiosity, knowledge or salvation.
In Kali yuga, the population is just a royal edition of the animals. They cannot see anything beyond the jurisdiction of their minds, intelligence and ego, but they are very much proud of their advancement in knowledge, science and material prosperity. Kṛṣṇa appeared just a little prior to the beginning of Kali yuga, and He returned practically at the commencement of Kali yuga. He spoke the Bhagavad-gītā and eradicated all pretentious principles of religiosity. And He empowered Vyāsa thru Nārada to compile the messages of Śrīmad Bhāgavatam. These two literatures are the torchlight for the blind people of this age. The Gītā is the preliminary study of the Bhāgavatam, and Bhāgavatam is the summum bonum of life, Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa personified.
Kṛṣṇa is the sun and Mathurā is like the sunrise mountain. Prabhāsa is the sunset mountain. The righteous persons are like the cakravāka birds which mourn in the night and rejoice in the day. The evil persons are like fog. Darkness is the totality of sins. The devotees are like a grove of lotuses. Though the sun of Kṛṣṇa had set, the sun of Bhāgavata had risen. It is another form of the sun.