SB 1.5 - Bhakti mixed with karma

While performing duties according to the order of Kṛṣṇa, one constantly remembers Him, His names and His qualities. It has just been said that by karma yoga mixed with bhakti (bhakti-miśra-karma) one achieves jñāna mixed with bhakti, which aims at liberation. Now it is said that sometimes, some people who practice niṣkāma-karma mixed with bhakti can develop bhakti mixed with karma (karma-miśra-bhakti) by association with devotees having karma-miśra-bhakti. This bhakti is characterized by chanting and remembering the Lord. This is superior to bhakti-miśra-jñāna mentioned previously.

In BG 9.27 Kṛṣṇa had advised to do everything as an offering to Him. This teaching is not directed to the karma-yogī since this verse falls in the section on bhakti. Moreover, the karma-yogī offers only Vedic karmas to the Lord in order that the results will come to him. The devotees, however, take Vedic, mundane and daily duties and offer them all to the Lord. This verse from BG like the SB verse under discussion refers to karma-miśra-bhakti. While doing karmas according to the Lord’s instructions and simultaneously performing bhakti in the form of chanting and remembering, this verse indicates bhakti as the principal action mixed with karma. Then one achieves jñāna-miśra-bhakti. From that one achieves rati for the Lord along with liberation. This is called śānta-bhakti. The ātmārāma verse (SB 1.7.10) confirms this: the Lord possesses qualities that attract (rati) even the ātmārāmas.

The order of the Lord as given in Bhagavad gītā is that one should work only for Him in all spheres of life. According to the Vedic rites, even in the worship of demigods, the representation of Viṣṇu must be there as yajñeśvara, or the controller of the sacrifice. Apart from Vedic duties, even in our ordinary dealings we must give our results to the supreme enjoyer, Kṛṣṇa. A pure devotee remembers that Kṛṣṇa is the supreme enjoyer, supreme proprietor and supreme friend, and in doing so the devotee repeats the name, fame and qualities of the Lord. Thus he is in constant touch with the Lord. Kṛṣṇa says that no one is more dear to Him than one who preaches His name and fame all over the world. He wants the message of the Gītā to be taught among the devotees, but not among those who have no credit of austerities, charity etc. Therefore, the attempt must go on to convert the unwilling persons to become His devotees. Lord Caitanya’s simple method of singing, dancing and feasting is very effective in this connection, and all spiritual activities must be conducted under the guidance of a pure devotee.