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Glossary: U

Uddhava

One of Krishna’s closest friends, His most confidential adviser in Mathura and Dvaraka.

uddipana

A category of bhava which means “that which lights the lamp of bhakti.

Ugrasena

The Bhoja king of Mathura whose throne was usurped by his son Kamsa but restored by Krishna after Krishna killed Kamsa.

Ugrashrava

See Suta Gosvami.

Ujjvala

the mood of conjugal love with the Lord.

Uma

Parvati, the eternal consort of Lord Siva.

upadesha

instruction.

Upadeshamrita

The Nectar of Instruction; a practical guide to the development of Krishna consciousness, written by Srila Rupa Goswami.

upadhi

material designation.

Upananda

Nanda Maharaja’s brother.

upanayana

A boy’s investiture with the sacred thread, a ceremony that marks the beginning of his Vedic education.

Upanishads

The philosophical chapters of the Vedas, organized into 108 books. They are also called Vedanta, meaning “the culmination of Vedic knowledge,” and were explained systematically by Dvaipayana Vyasa in his Vedanta-sutra.

Upapuranas

Minor Puranas.

Upendra

another name of Lord Vamana, meaning “the younger brother of Indra.”

Uragas

The Naga race of divine serpents who live in the sub-terranean region of Patala.

Usha

The daughter of the demon Bana who fell in love with Krishna’s grandson Aniruddha.

utsaha

enthusiasm.

utsaha-mayi

lit., “false enthusiasm.” Self confidence based on insufficient realization.

uttama

topmost or highest.

uttama-adhikari

a topmost devotee.

Uttamashloka

a name of Krishna; “He who is praised with transcendental song or poetry.”

Uttara

King Virata’s daughter, the wife of Arjuna’s son Abhimanyu. Krishna entered her womb to save her son, Parikshit, the last heir to the Kuru throne.