BG Chap 11 - Chapter Summary

This chapter shows that Kṛṣṇa is the complete form of God, because He is the source of all avatāras, and He is thus the cause of the victory for His devotees, the Pāṇḍavas. In summary, the universal form of Kṛṣṇa, which is a temporary manifestation, and the form of time which devours everything, and even the form of Viṣṇu, four-handed, have all been exhibited by Kṛṣṇa. Thus Kṛṣṇa is the origin of all these manifestations. It is not that Kṛṣṇa is a manifestation of the original viśva-rūpa, or Viṣṇu. Kṛṣṇa is the origin of all forms. There are hundreds and thousands of Viṣṇus, but for a devotee no form of Kṛṣṇa is important but the original form, two-handed Śyāmasundara. In the Brahma-saṁhitā it is stated that those who are attached to the Śyāmasundara form of Kṛṣṇa in love and devotion can see Him always within the heart and cannot see anything else. One should understand, therefore, that the purport of this Eleventh Chapter is that the form of Kṛṣṇa is essential and supreme.

In Chapter Seven, Kṛṣṇa described Himself as the Supreme Lord and said that we can see everything in this world as an expansion of two of His energies. In Chapter Nine, Kṛṣṇa again explained that everything comes from Him and should be seen in relationship to Him. Kṛṣṇa concluded Chapter Nine by saying that everyone, regardless of birth, should worship Him with devotion. In Chapter Ten, Kṛṣṇa explained His opulences and said, ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo mattaḥ sarvaṁ pravartate: “I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me.” At the end of Chapter Ten, Kṛṣṇa stated, ekāṁśena sthito jagat: “With a single fragment of Myself I pervade and support this entire universe.” After explaining this confidential knowledge to Arjuna, Kṛṣṇa proved His words by displaying His universal form before Arjuna, Sañjaya and the demigods. Kṛṣṇa thus established the future criterion for those who claim to be God. Caitanya Mahāprabhu, who is the Supreme Lord, also showed His universal form at the home of Śrīvāsa Ṭhākura.

The importance of Kṛṣṇa in this chapter:

11.18 – Kṛṣṇa is indestructible, supreme object of knowledge, supreme resting place, eternal person
11.32 – Kṛṣṇa is the form of time – kālo’smi
11.38 - Kṛṣṇa is the original Lord, the oldest, highest abode, knower and what is to be known, supreme refuge.
11.40 - Kṛṣṇa’s power is unbounded, master of limitless might
11.40 – Kṛṣṇa encompasses everything and thus is everything – sarvam samāpnoṣi tato ‘si sarvaḥ
11.43 - Kṛṣṇa is the father of the world – pitāsi lokasya
11.43 – No one is equal to Kṛṣṇa nor greater – na tvat sama asti abhyadhikaḥ
11.52 – It is very rare to see Kṛṣna’s human form - su-durdarśam idaṁ rūpaṁ
11.54 – To see Kṛṣṇa - jñātum draṣṭum ca tattvena – only by bhakti can you know me, see me
11.55 – Coming to Kṛṣṇa – Acting for Kṛṣṇa and being devoted to Him, one comes to Him

Thus ends Chapter 11 of Bhagavad gita culled from 'Bhagavad gita As it is' by Srila Prabhupada, 'As they surrender' by Bhurijana Prabhu, 'Sarartha Varsini' by Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura and 'Gita Bhusana' by Baladeva Vidyabhusana.