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BG Chap 18 - The guṇas of the four varṇas

Though all things are composed of the three guṇas, if the four varṇas perform their prescribed activities with the thought of worshiping the Lord, those activities will produce steadiness in jñana and lead to liberation. The actions of the four varṇas are divided according to the guṇas arising from impressions of previous lives.

A person with a predominance of sattva is classified as a brāhmaṇa because of his peaceful nature. One predominantly in the mode of rajas, with sattva as a secondary mode is a kṣatriya, due to his nature of controlling others. One predominantly in the mode of rajas, with tamas as a secondary mode is a vaiśya, due to his nature of dealing with money most of the time. One predominantly in the mode of tamas with rajas as a secondary mode is a śūdra, due to his foolish nature.