SB 1.9 - The knowers of glories of the Lord

Lord Śiva, Nārada and Kapila know very confidentially about Kṛṣṇa’s glories thru direct contact but not His intentions. These three are among the 12 mahājanas – Brahmā, Kumāra, Manu, Prahlāda, Bhīṣma, Janaka, Śuka, Bali and Yama. Viśvanātha Cakravartī explains that anubhāva, or the glory of the Lord, is first appreciated by the devotee in ecstasy (devotee in bhāva bhakti) manifesting the symptoms of perspiring, trembling, weeping etc, which are further enhanced by the steady understanding of the glories of the Lord. Such bhāvas are exchanged between Yaśodā and the Lord (binding Him by ropes) and in the chariot driving by the Lord in His exchange of love with Arjuna. These glories of the Lord are exhibited in His being subordinate to His devotees.

Śiva and others know those actions of Kṛṣṇa which He chooses to reveal (anubhāvam) but not His intentions, His real form or His real powers. The knower of rasa-śāstras knows first of all anubhāvas (glories) and sāttvika-bhāvas – paralysis, perspiration etc. By that he can understand the sthāyi-bhāva (steady or permanent emotion). By the particular qualities and intensity of the anubhāvas, he can understand the particular qualities and intensity of the sthāyi-bhāva. The knower of rasa-śāstras knows the anubhāva of Kṛṣṇa being tied by a rope by Yaśodā, and the dependent anubhāva of Kṛṣṇa being the charioteer for Arjuna, Yudhiṣṭhira and Ugrasena. The knower of rasa then infers that there exists something special in these cases which controls and melts the heart of even the Supreme Lord. That object, which melts the hearts of the viṣaya (Kṛṣṇa) and āśraya (devotee), which has many varieties and which brings both parties under the control of the other is called prema. Seeing that Kṛṣṇa is controlled more when He sees His devotees, who generate prema in Him, the knower of rasa infers that there is intense prema in the siddha and sādhaka devotees. He then concludes that Kṛṣṇa is the cause of difficulties for devotees, in order to increase their devotion to that level. Śiva, Nārada and Kapila know this. One sees an increase in prema in Draupadī and others when their difficulties increase. Śiva and Nārada know the anubhāvas or symptoms in the Lord. Other foolish people do not know them, like Kṛṣṇa allowing Himself to be tied up. They explain it as some sort of fake display.